As we close out the year, we wanted to check in and see what progress has been made so far in the three months since the Enterprise left Washington — and who’s been brought on board to assist with the preservation.
TREKCORE: What can you tell us about how things have progressed on the Enterprise project since we spoke back in September?
DR. MARGARET WEITEKAMP: Well, as you know, we were able to take the model off display and have moved it to the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center where we have our Emil Buehler Conservation Laboratory.
That has really given our chief curator time to really get a very close look at the model and has allowed us to really narrow in on issues of paint, issues of structure, and to start planning in which directions our conservation efforts are going to go.
We really are thinking of this as conservation of – as of this week – a fifty-year old object. December 29th was fiftieth anniversary of its delivery to Desilu back in 1964, and it’s a particularly opportune moment to come back to the physical model and to think about it very specifically.
The museum has been doing its own work and evaluation which has included using UV light to analyze the paint, and to figure out where we have clearly repainted areas and where we have areas that seem to be more uniform in their paint. The top of the saucer section, for example, leads us to believe that it is original paint – it all fluoresces in the same way.
So we’ve been doing our internal work on that, which has also included some X-rays done in cooperation with the National Zoological Park. They were kind enough to send two of their veterinary radiography technicians over to the Museum and we were able to do X-rays of the saucer section – but we’re still waiting on getting those files from the zoo.
We’re hoping that the X-ray team might be able to come back in January and take a look at the rest of the Enterprise model’s structure. It turns out that it takes quite a long time to very carefully set up each of those X-ray shots, so getting complete X-rays of the saucer took the better part of the time they were with us.
TREKCORE: Did you call them in because of the size of the model required specialized equipment, or was just because of their expertise?
WEITEKAMP: We used them because they are also part of the Smithsonian. We’re taking advantage of our internal resources, because their X-ray equipment is not a device that the National Air & Space Museum normally has on hand – but it’s something one of our conservators knew our colleagues had and would be able to use.
The Enterprise has been X-rayed before, but that was done by sending it out for analysis. This is an opportunity – since the Zoological Park team had a portable radiography unit – to bring the equipment in house and save us the trouble of having to move the model an additional time.
It was really interesting. You can get a good sense of the interior; all of the little penny nails and things like that. I’m excited to get some of that imagery back. It comes in very large files that are specific to the scanning system that they have; they are in the process of converting them to a more standardized image file that we can use when working with the model.
One of our photographers is excited to be able to knit those X-rays together to give us some large-scale swaths of the structure all in one view. That’s something that’s pending and that we’ll have available to us down the road.
TREKCORE: Have you been able to pull in members of the Star Trek production team, or other consultants to assist with the project? Last time we spoke you were still in the early stages of contacting people to help.
WEITEKAMP: We’ve pulled together a volunteer special advisory committee of what are basically Enterprise experts. They’re a group of people from all across the industry – we’ve been able to have a significant email correspondence, as well as a giant video conference where we could all talk about what some of the issues are with the model based on their experience.
The Museum is trying to assemble as much information as we can to really create a detailed list of issues that we want to address in terms of structural stabilization, cleaning, paint issues, display concerns, decal artwork, and things like that.
We’re really trying to create a comprehensive list before we do any actual work so we’re able to plan as much as we can ahead of time.
TREKCORE: Do you have any plans for that team to be involved with the actual preservation work, or do you expect them to serve more in an advisory capacity only?
WEITEKAMP: Well, we are still making plan on how that’s going to work. John Goodson from ILM was in the area over the holidays, so I was able to take him to see the model and we had a very good discussion standing next to it.
My hope is, in the spring, that I’ll be able to bring the advisory committee to the Museum to have an in-person meeting allow them a chance to look at the model closely. That will allow them to advise the Museum on how we should plan out the actual work that needs to be done.
We have not made final decisions of exactly how all that is going to work, but I’m really delighted that these folks were willing to lend their expertise to this project, because as much as we have deep information about the model, these professionals have a lot of practical, hands-on knowledge this type of models.
It’s such a wonderful resource and we’re very grateful for their willingness and their enthusiasm.
TREKCORE: When we spoke in September, you had mentioned a concern with not just the paint, but the structural sagging affecting parts of the model. Was there anything specific that has jumped out as an immediate concern for your to-do list?
WEITEKAMP: Well, before the model came off display, we could see the two nacelles were starting to sag and spread apart slightly.
From talking with the advisory committee, I heard from a few of them that issue is a common problem with the Enterprise design. They’ve seen the sagging in other studio models, in commercial model kits, in consumer products created in the Enterprise design…
The charm of the Enterprise design is that it instantly looks like it wouldn’t well in gravity. It looks like something that needs to float in a weightless environment. The trick, then, is having a model built of wood, plastic, and little bits of metal, exist in fifty years of Earth gravity!
We’re hopeful that if we can get a good look at how the nacelle pieces are joined to the main body of the ship, we may be able to stabilize them without having to add external supports to the display. It’s been nice that the model has been able to be displayed in a very similar form to the way it was used initially; for a long time, the Museum hung it from a central point.
From the year 2000, it had been displayed on a stand at the central part of the hull, giving it that same kind of ‘floating’ look – but we’re going to have to make some decisions about the best ways to support the model, now that it’s fifty years old.
Again, we still haven’t made a decision about exactly how we’re going do to that. I want to get a better look at the joints that hold the nacelles on and think about the long-term health of the model in terms of a display plan.
TREKCORE: And the secondary X-ray passes are going to help with some of that decision-making process?
WEITEKAMP: I think it will, yes. I know that those joints are something that members of the advisory committee – when I asked them to recommend a spot on the model where they wanted to see X-rays – they were adamant to see the two joints where the nacelles go into the main hull of the ship, and how that whole area is constructed.
TREKCORE: We’ve seen some of the old X-ray photos from an earlier analysis, and they could definitely use an upgrade.
WEITEKAMP: The technology has really improved in the last fifteen years or so since those X-rays were done. The X-rays that we’re getting now are so sensitive that in some shots, we can actually see the grain in the wood!
TREKCORE: Oh, wow!
WEITEKAMP: Yeah, it’s a much more detailed and granular look at the construction, and I think that it will really help a lot. We want to be minimally invasive as we possibly can when we work with the model.
TREKCORE: Well, from what you’ve said, that’s probably as much as you’re able to share, being so early in the process…
WEITEKAMP: It really is, and it’s going to be some time before show the public these new X-rays; I’m just as eager to see the images myself!
We were very gratified that to have such support from the National Zoological Park. The folks who were doing the scans lent us not just the technology, but also a lot of expertise on the best way to set things up to get the best images.
At one point, we could see them looking the model over and thinking hard, and we asked them what they were doing. They said, “Well, we’re trying to figure out the relative density of the saucer of this model, compared to what we know about the density of animal flesh!”
They were doing some mental calculations to set up the equipment properly, and they really nailed it! We got very sharp pictures of the model, and I’m excited. It’s going to help us quite a bit, but it will be a few months before we get that processed for our use.
TREKCORE: It’s really very interesting, all the work you and your team are going. We know that the fans are glad that this review of the model seems to be above and beyond the prior projects, though perhaps it’s just the technology that’s improved so much since the last time around.
WEITEKAMP: The technology has improved, and I get to stand on the shoulders of giants. I get to base what I’m doing on what my colleagues have done on the previous versions of this project.
With new technology, new expertise, and new thoughts about what the conservation techniques can be, I expect that the next curator to take on the Enterprise will do even better than I do today, because the technology will continue to improve.
Hopefully they will be able to base whatever they may do for the Enterprise in twenty years on what we do today. It’s not so much that we are ‘better’ than the folks that have come before, but it’s having the additional resources available to us, and the ability to lean on our predecessors’ work as a starting point.
TREKCORE: Well, if this project works out well, the Enterprise won’t need to be revisited again for at least a few more curators!
WEITEKAMP: [Laughs] I sure hope so, that’s my goal!
Dr. Margaret A. Weitekamp curates the Air and Space Museum’s social and cultural dimensions of spaceflight collection, more than 4,000 artifacts that include space memorabilia and space science fiction objects.
These everyday mementos of the space age – which include toys and games, clothing and stamps, medals and awards, buttons and pins, as well as comics and trading cards – complete the story about spaceflight told by the Museum’s collection of space hardware and technologies.
You can read more about the Enterprise model at the Smithsonian’s AIRSPACE blog.
If you’re in the Virginia area on January 24, Dr. Weitekamp and the Enterprise model will be participating in an open house event at the Udvar-Hazy Center, open to the general public.